Hyperbaric chamber

Installed at Portimão Private Hospital

Hyperbaric chamber

To guarantee maximum safety, the acquisition, installation and hospital adaptation of a Hyperbaric Chamber is essential.

The donation of a Hyperbaric Chamber to Portimão Private Hospital was a part of the Ocean Revival Project and is already done. This will be used by divers and will allow for controlled pressure to be maintained in any eventual emergency situations.

However, this apparatus is to be used to serve the local community and the country, and is an important investment in health and will guarantee, in summary, other medical applications in other areas of therapy.

Hyperbaric Medicine

Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment or HBOT is a therapeutic method in which a patient inhales pure oxygen in a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure (in general, from 2 to 3 atm), within a hermetically sealed chamber with rigid walls (hyperbaric training).

The basic equipment used in HBOT is the hyperbaric chamber. These chambers are, in essence, pressure-resistant metallic cylinders (watertight), equipped with portholes or windows. For the safety and comfort of the patient, the hyperbaric chambers are equipped with a radio system that allows for communication to be maintained between the patient and the chamber team.

Two types of hyperbaric chamber exist: individual (single patient) and multi-patient. Both allow for the use of mechanical ventilators (respirators), pumps for venous infusions, transfusions, and other procedures made by equipment designed specially for use in a hyperbaric environment.

Multi-Patient Chambers

Multi-patient chambers allow for the entry of two or more persons at the same time, allowing a companion to enter (technician, nurse or doctor). In order for companions not to be affected by the treatment, this type of chamber is pressurised with compressed air, with the oxygen provided to the patient via specific masks or headgear.

During hyperbaric oxygen treatment in multi-place chambers, a specially trained nursing technician, hyperbaric nurses or even a hyperbaric doctor (who are hence known as "internal guides"), accompany the patients on the inside of the chamber during the session, directly assisting them in the placement of the masks or headgear or administering medication. These chambers have the great advantage of allowing the entry of stretchers and other equipment used in the treatment of critical patients. Sessions are usually of 120 minutes duration (2 hours). Multi-place chambers allow for monitoring of vital signs of patients with serious conditions during treatment.

Source, Copyright and Original Publication of this article: Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia.

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