Origin of the name Zambeze

Ocean Patrol EX-NRP Zambeze P1147

River Zambeze, Mozambique

2,750km in length, the source of the Zambeze River is in Zambia, 30km from the border with Angola.

It enters Angolan territory in Cazombo and exits to the south of Lumbala-Caquengue, still within the Alto Zambeze municipality, in the province of Moxico.

Its importance in Angola is principally due to its extensive hydrographical basin, measuring 150,800km², on Angolan territory.

All of the rivers of the southeast Angolan quadrant are tributaries of the Zambeze.

Then, the Zambeze River is the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe and crosses Mozambique from the west to the east, and the mouth of the river runs into the Indian Ocean in an enormous delta.

The most spectacular part of its trajectory is the Victoria Falls, the biggest in the world, which measure 1,708m across and have a height of 99m. This natural monument was added to UNESCO's list of Humanity Patrimony sites in 1999.

The Zambeze River has other large waterfalls, such as the Chavuma Cataracts, close to the Angola-Zambia border and the Ngonye Falls, close to Sioma, in western Zambia.

The flood plains of the Zambeze, also in the west of Zambia, are where the Lozi people live, whose chief has two "capitals": Lealui and Limulunga.
In the rainy season, the, court of the Lozi moves to Limulunga, which does not suffer from flooding and this event is considered to be one of the great festivals held in Zambia, the Kuomboka.

Two large dams exist on the Zambeze River: the Kariba, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe (the two countries manage it in partnership) and the Cahora Bassa, in Mozambique.
These dams are some of the biggest sources of electrical power for the southern African sub-region and their reservoirs are also important for their fishing.

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